Is Rental Income Taxable?

Renting out property can be a great way to make extra income. But one question that people often ask is whether or not rental income is taxable when they rent out the property.

Figuring out whether or not rental income is taxable can be tricky, especially if you own rental property. This is because it depends on a variety of factors, and the rules surrounding this topic are constantly changing. 

Is Rental Income Taxable? Yes, Rental income is taxable as ordinary income. While rental income is taxable, it does not mean everything your tenants give you is taxable. You can reduce your rental income by subtracting the expenses you incurred to ready your property for rent, as well as to maintain it as a rental.

To help you determine whether your rental income is taxable, I’ve created this guide. Inside, you’ll find information on what counts as rental income, what deductions are available, and more.

So, let’s get started!

Is Rental Income Taxable

Rental income is usually taxable. Any payment you receive for the use or occupation of a property is considered rental income. This means if you own a rental property and collect rent from tenants, you will have to declare your rental income on your taxes. 

The amount of tax you owe on your rental income will depend on your tax bracket. On Schedule E, Supplemental Income and Loss, you have to report rental income and expenses. And then Schedule E is filed with your Form 1040.

As a landlord, you are responsible for reporting all of your rental income and associated expenses on your taxes. Rental income is usually taxable, and you may owe self-employment tax if you are considered to be self-employed in relation to your rental activity. 

You may deduct most expenses associated with renting a property from your gross rental income. Generally, rental expenses are deducted in the year in which they are paid. These deductions can be claimed on Schedule E, Supplemental Income and Loss.

What Can You Deduct From Rental Income?

Owning rental property comes with many benefits, and one of the biggest ones is the tax deductions and benefits you receive. Here are some of the most common rental property expenses that can be immediately deducted:

  • Advertising and marketing
  • Leasing commissions
  • Insurance
  • Repairs and Maintenance 
  • HOA dues
  • Property Management fees 
  • Legal and professional services 
  • Supplies 
  • Licenses and permits
  • Travel
  • Property Tax
  • Utilities
  • Mortgage interest

If you’re renting out a property, it’s important to keep track of all of your expenses related to that property, such as repairs, advertising, and mortgage interest. You can deduct these expenses from your rental income when you file your taxes, which will reduce the amount of tax you owe on your rental income.

You generally deduct these rental expenses in the year you pay them. You can’t deduct the cost of capital improvements, such as adding a room, because these improvements increase the value of the property and are added to the basis of the property. If you’re self-employed, you’ll owe self-employment tax on your rental income. You can deduct half of your self-employment tax from your taxable income.

Calculating Tax On Rental Income 

Rental income tax is calculated on the total rental income you receive from your property. This includes any money you receive from tenants, as well as any other fees or payments related to the property (such as cleaning or maintenance fees).

To calculate your rental income tax, simply take your total rental income and subtract any allowable expenses. Allowable expenses may include things like mortgage interest, insurance, repairs, and depreciation. Once you have your net rental income, you will then multiply it by your tax rate to determine how much tax you owe.

For example, let’s say that you had $20,000 in total rental income for the year and $5,000 in expenses related to the property. This would leave you with a taxable rental income of $15,000 ($20,000 minus $5,000). If you are in the 25% tax bracket, your rental income tax liability would be $3,750 ($15,000 multiplied by 25% or $15,000 x 0.25).

How To File Rental Income On Your Federal Taxes

When it comes time to file your taxes, you’ll need to report rental income on Schedule E of Form 1040. Schedule E is where you’ll report your total income, expenses, and depreciation for each rental property. 

The expenses include advertising, auto, travel, insurance, repairs, and taxes. To correctly fill in line 18 “Depreciation expense or depletion,” you’ll need to use Form 4562.

You can report up to three properties on a single Schedule E form. You will need more than one copy of the Schedule E form if you have more than three rentals. However, your totals only need to appear on one Schedule E form. Combined totals will be the total of all Schedules E that you file.

If you want to give the IRS the correct information, you’ll need to keep track of your property management. It may include copies of canceled checks, receipts, and deductible expenses. With Schedule E, the IRS pays more attention to tax returns than without it. 

That’s why it’s crucial to keep good records. You may not be able to deduct as much as you’d like if you can’t provide the right paperwork. You may also face additional taxes and penalties.

State Taxes On Rental Income

Just like with federal taxes, you’ll need to report your rental income and expenses on your state tax return. The rules for state taxes vary from state to state, so it’s important to check with your accountant or tax specialist.

Generally, you can expect to pay taxes on the rent you receive, minus any expenses related to the property. These expenses could include mortgage interest, insurance, repairs, and more. You’ll also need to file a tax return reporting your rental income.


The answer to your question is: Is rental income taxable? Yes, rental income is taxable at both the federal and state level. You’ll need to report your rental income and expenses on your tax return, and you may owe taxes on the rent you receive. The amount of tax you owe will depend on your marginal tax bracket and the expenses related to the property. 

It is important to maintain accurate records so you can take advantage of every deduction you are entitled to and avoid owing additional taxes. If you’re audited by the IRS, keeping detailed records will prove that you’re running your real estate business professionally.

If you are uncertain about the taxability of your rental income, consult an accountant or other financial professional. You can avoid unexpected expenses at tax time if you understand how rental income is taxed.