Is Stipend Taxable?

A lot of organizations give stipends to incentivize employees, researchers, teachers, interns, and volunteers.

If you’re one of those who receive a stipend from their employer, you may be wondering if the money is taxable. The answer to that question isn’t always clear-cut, which is why it’s important to understand the tax implications of stipends. 

Is Stipend Taxable? Most stipends in the United States are taxable income, so recipients must pay taxes on their amounts. However, the IRS doesn’t consider stipends as earned wages, which means employers and institutions won’t automatically withhold Medicare or social security taxes from the total amount. 

Instead, the recipient must set aside a portion of their stipend to pay federal and state taxes on their taxes at the end of the year. Since stipends are considered taxable income in most cases, so you need to calculate how much taxes you have to set aside.

Some stipends may be taxable as a side income. Make sure to find out the potential tax implications of any new stipends that your employer offers, or if you are considering a new job that offers stipends.

Managing taxes on stipends can be complicated, but there are resources available to help. If you’re looking for professional tax assistance, you might be interested in reading this Optima Tax Relief Review to learn more about their services.

In this post, we’ll break down what exactly a stipend is, and how it’s taxed. We will also explain how to report your stipend income on your tax return. 

So, if you are unsure about whether or not your stipend is taxable, keep reading!

Is Stipend Taxable?

Yes, stipends are typically taxable in the United States. Stipends are not considered wages, so employers do not withhold income tax from any stipends they provide to employees. Stipends are usually considered income by the IRS, so you will have to compute and pay taxes on the stipends you receive. This includes Social Security and Medicare. Be sure to check with your employer about the tax implications of receiving a stipend.

A stipend is a set amount of money that someone gets in advance. This is often given to people who can’t get a regular salary for the work they do. This includes trainees, interns, and students. They can use this money to pay for their expenses. Stipends are usually lower in pay than salaries, but the person receiving it gets experience and knowledge in return.

Types of Stipends

Stipends can vary depending on the organization or company that pays them. In some cases, companies provide stipends for housing, food, or travel expenses. The following are just a few of the types of stipends offered:

  • Academic Research
  • Church stipends
  • Expense Related
  • Wellness Programs
  • Health Insurance
  • Job Training
  • Volunteering

If you have received a stipend from your employer or other organization, it is important to understand whether or not the stipend is considered taxable income. To determine this, you will need to look at several factors, including the amount of the stipend, whether it is being paid in exchange for goods or services provided by you, and any other relevant tax implications. Depending on your individual circumstances, you can also consult a tax professional.

Calculating Taxes On Stipend 

If you receive a stipend, you will have to calculate your taxes just like you do with any other form of income. The amount of taxes that you have to pay depends on the total amount received and your individual tax rate. 

To calculate your marginal tax rate, you will first need to know your taxable income. Taxable income is your total income from all sources, minus any deductions and exemptions. Your total income includes your wages, interest, dividends, capital gains, and other forms of income.

Deductions and exemptions can lower your taxable income. Common deductions include charitable donations, mortgage interest, and state and local taxes. Exemptions can include your personal exemption and certain deductions for dependents.

You can use a tax calculator or consult a tax professional to determine how much tax you will have to pay on your stipend income.

How To File Stipend On Your Federal Tax Return

When you determine the stipend is taxable, you must report it on your tax return.

For U.S. Citizens, Permanent Residents, and Residents Aliens for US Tax Purposes:

You need to report the stipend on your tax return. The stipend is considered to be a taxable scholarship. IRS Publication 970 states that taxable scholarships and fellowships should be reported on your tax return as follows:

  • Form 1040 – Line 1; also enter “SCH” and the taxable amount in the space to the left of line 1.

Be sure to classify the income as taxable scholarship income when preparing your tax return using tax software. Similarly, software providers may use terms such as nonqualified scholarships, taxable fellowships, nonqualified fellowships, and taxable grant income to describe this type of income. 

In the software, it is often difficult to find this type of income because it is uncommon. Do not tell the software that your stipend is a substitute W-2 or a substitute 1099. Taxes on those types of income are different than those on taxable scholarship income, so you could face a much higher tax bill.

For Nonresident Aliens For US Tax Purposes:

If you are a non-resident alien of the United States for tax purposes, you may be required to file a federal tax return if you received any stipend during the year. 

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) taxes all income earned in the United States, regardless of the source. This includes money that is paid as a stipend, which is typically a fixed amount of money paid periodically to cover living expenses.

You should report the Stipends a Form 1042-S with income code 16 in box 1 are taxable scholarships. The gross income from box 1 should be reported on line 1b of Form 1040-NR. This includes any stipends that you may have received. Be sure to include all of your stipend income when calculating your total income for the year.

When filing your tax return, you will need to use the correct tax rate. The tax rate for non-resident aliens is typically higher than the tax rate for citizens and resident aliens. This is because non-resident aliens are not eligible for many of the deductions and credits that are available to citizens and resident aliens.

State Taxes On Stipend

In addition to federal taxes, you may also be responsible for state income tax on your stipend income. State tax on stipends depends on the state in which you reside. In most cases, state tax is levied on income earned within the state, regardless of the source of that income. Therefore, a stipend would likely be considered taxable income by most states. 

Since each state has its own tax laws, so you will need to consult a professional or research the laws for your specific state to determine what taxes apply. You should also check with your employer or organization that paid the stipend to see if they withhold state and local taxes.


Hopefully, this article has clarified whether or not stipend is taxable.  As you can see, the answer depends on a few factors, including your residency status and the source of the stipend. Regardless of how it is classified or taxed, you will need to report any stipends that you receive as part of your income for tax purposes. You may also be required to pay state taxes on this income. 

If you have questions about your specific situation, it may be best to consult with a tax professional to ensure that you are correctly calculating and paying any taxes required on your stipend.